3 Ways to Use Flashlights for STEAM
Flashlights can be a super fun (and easy!) learning tool for preschoolers to use to explore different STEAM concepts. They can also be a useful substitute for a light table, which can be costly. There’s a certain “magic” for children as they try to touch, grab, and jump for the light. There are plenty of activities that a flashlight can be added to, to create a new and exciting element. You can use the 3 below to get your feet wet with using light for STEAM purposes in your classroom.
With any of the below activities, you’ll want to begin by introducing the flashlight to the children. Start by dimming the lights (safety first! And always warn young children before doing so!) and turning the flashlight on. Ask the children what they see. Very young learners might have never seen a flashlight before, while older pre-k students will be glad to explain what it is. Hypothesize what will happen when holding the light on different objects or surfaces, for example, the wall, carpet, chair, window, table, toys, or bookshelf. Then, shine the flashlight on the objects and encourage a descriptive discussion.
1. Shadow Study
Use magnet tile blocks, or wooden or plastic blocks for building. Encourage children to create tall and low structures, and structures of different width and length, shapes, and colors. Backlight the structures they’ve built by standing a few feet back, and shining the light from a low angle to cast a shadow on the wall. Discuss how the size, shape, or color of the structure affect the shadow. Repeat the same with a child’s body, hands, arms, etc, or anything else you can find in your classroom. What do the children want to use with the flashlight? Encourage an open discussion using predictions, guesses, and opportunities for creativity.
Centers are a teacher favorite for encouraging independent play and discovery. Head to a dollar priced store and try to find a variety of flashlights of different size, color, and brightness. Just be sure to check for any small parts, and for younger children we recommend placing durable duct tape over battery latches or flaps. Your flashlight center can be switched out daily, weekly, or monthly, depending on your class age and ability. If your class runs on a monthly theme, you can include relevant items in your center for the children to manipulate with the flashlight. For example, if you’re talking about the color red, you could include red paper, red blocks, red natural materials, red gems, etc. Reflective and shiny items are also a wonderful addition to this center, like small plastic mirrors, or old CD’s. Children will enjoy testing the light and watching rainbow reflections bounce off of them!
3. Nature Study
Mixing natural materials with flashlights provides an excellent opportunity for comparing and contrasting. Items such as leaves, vegetables, flowers, herbs, soil, sand, or pebbles can come alive with different colors when examined with a flashlight. Additionally, using a flashlight opens a door for age appropriate biology lessons. For example, using purple cabbage leaves with a flashlight can become an entire activity within itself. Children will be able to notice that without the flashlight, the purple cabbage appears to be just one color, however with a flashlight shone behind the cabbage leaf, they’ll be able to clearly see vibrant purple, pink, and even green and yellow tones. Older children will enjoy comparing the veins on their hands and wrists which you can help point out, and comparing them to the veins in the cabbage (or any other) leaf! Recycle old water bottles and fill them with water, acorns, rocks, leaves, etc. Children can shine the light through the bottle and observe/explore. Natural items can be seasonal, such as pine or evergreen in the winter, brown and orange leaves in the fall, or fresh greenery in the summer.